Three-Fraction Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation (APBI) Delivered With Brachytherapy Applicators Is Feasible and Safe: First Results From the TRIUMPH-T Trial.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
PURPOSE: Shorter courses of accelerated partial-breast irradiation delivered as single-fraction intraoperative therapy are now offered as an alternative to 4 to 6 weeks of whole-breast irradiation after lumpectomy. However, this approach has potential shortcomings in patient selection and target volume definition and in dosimetric, radiobiological, and logistical issues. We designed a prospective, phase 2, multi-institution clinical trial to study 2- or 3-day accelerated partial breast irradiation delivered with brachytherapy applicators.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: This trial treats select breast cancers after breast-conserving surgery with brachytherapy applicators that deliver 22.5 Gy in 3 fractions of 7.5 Gy. The planning treatment volume was 1 to 1.5 cm beyond the surgical cavity. Eligible women were aged ≥45 years with unicentric invasive or in situ tumors ≤3.0 cm with positive estrogen or progesterone receptors and no metastasis to axillary nodes that have been excised with negative margins. Strict dosimetric parameters were required to be met before acceptance into the trial.
RESULTS: A group of 200 patients was prospectively enrolled and followed for a minimum of 6 months. Two- or 3-day brachytherapy was associated with low acute or subacute toxicity, 97.25% excellent or good cosmetic outcomes, and excellent local control in select breast cancers.
CONCLUSIONS: Ultrashort breast brachytherapy is dosimetrically feasible and can be delivered with excellent short-term tolerance and low toxicity.
Khan AJ, Chen PY, Yashar C, Poppe MM, Li L, Abou Yehia Z, Vicini FA, Moore D, Dale R, Arthur D, Shah C, Haffty BG, Kuske R. Three-Fraction Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation (APBI) Delivered With Brachytherapy Applicators Is Feasible and Safe: First Results From the TRIUMPH-T Trial. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2019 May 1;104(1):67-74. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.12.050. Epub 2019 Jan 4. PMID: 30611839; PMCID: PMC7373303.