cGAS-mediated autophagy protects the liver from ischemia-reperfusion injury independently of STING.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology
Liver ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury occurs through induction of oxidative stress and release of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), including cytosolic DNA released from dysfunctional mitochondria or from the nucleus. Cyclic guanosine monophosphate-adenosine monophosphate (cGAMP) synthase (cGAS) is a cytosolic DNA sensor known to trigger stimulator of interferon genes (STING) and downstream type 1 interferon (IFN-I) pathways, which are pivotal innate immune system responses to pathogen. However, little is known about the role of cGAS/STING in liver I/R injury. We subjected C57BL/6 (WT), cGAS knockout (cGAS
Lei Z, Deng M, Yi Z, Sun Q, Shapiro RA, Xu H, Li T, Loughran PA, Griepentrog JE, Huang H, Scott MJ, Huang F, Billiar TR. cGAS-mediated autophagy protects the liver from ischemia-reperfusion injury independently of STING. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2018 Jun 1;314(6):G655-G667. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00326.2017. Epub 2018 Feb 15. PMID: 29446653; PMCID: PMC6032062.