Interobserver Agreement Across Subspecialties for Diagnosis of Differentiated Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia and Predictive Values of 20 Histologic Features.

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Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine


CONTEXT.—: Differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (dVIN) is a human papillomavirus-independent lesion with the potential for rapid progression to invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The histopathologic features of dVIN are diverse, have overlapping characteristics with lichen sclerosus (LS) and lichen simplex chronicus (LSC), and may be diagnosed by dermatopathologists or gynecologic pathologists because of the vulva's anatomic location.

OBJECTIVES.—: To identify the salient histopathologic features of dVIN, particularly those that predict progression to SCC, and to evaluate interobserver agreement in diagnosing dVIN within the same subspecialty and across subspecialties.

DESIGN.—: One general surgical pathologist, 2 pathology-trained dermatopathologists, and 1 gynecologic pathologist blinded to the final diagnoses were asked to record 20 histopathologic features and to provide their final interpretations on cases of dVIN (n = 65), LS (n = 126), LSC (n = 112), and LS with LSC (n = 6).

RESULTS.—: Interobserver agreement for the 4 diagnoses and 10 histopathologic features was moderate. Logistic regression analysis indicated that keratin pearls, basal pleomorphism, and basal layer disarray were independent variables for diagnosing dVIN (coefficients 1.95, 1.97, and 0.91, respectively; P < .001) and progression to SCC (coefficients 1.96, 1.20, and 1.08, respectively; P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS.—: There is no single histopathologic feature pathognomonic for dVIN; however, the presence of keratin pearls, basal pleomorphism, and basal layer disarray should raise high suspicion for dVIN and concurrent SCC. Expertise in both dermatologic and gynecologic pathology is beneficial for diagnosing dVIN.


Online ahead of print.





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