Needle EMG muscle identification: A systematic approach to needle EMG examination.
Clinical Neurophysiology Practice
The proper performance of needle electromyography (EMG) requires that the examiner obtain a brief but comprehensive history, perform a directed examination and generate a short differential diagnosis as part of the initial patient encounter. Equally as important is to set reasonable expectations for this study's performance as electronic media do not necessarily portray all of the nuances of an electrodiagnostic study. In addition to these preliminary steps, this minimonograph discusses equipment used in EMG evaluations, EMG examination techniques, muscles commonly sampled, pain reduction techniques, and special considerations that may require study modification such as anticoagulation, lymphedema, obesity and supervening infection. Clinicians performing these studies will maximize useful data collection while minimizing patient discomfort if all of these recommendations are followed.
Menkes DL, Pierce R. Needle EMG muscle identification: A systematic approach to needle EMG examination. Clin Neurophysiol Pract. 2019 Oct 21;4:199-211. doi: 10.1016/j.cnp.2019.08.003. PMID: 31886446; PMCID: PMC6921208.