A 50-year review of Lapides’ clean intermittent catheterization: A revolutionary, life-saving, quality-of-life improving technique for bladder management.
Lapides introduced clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) in 1972, and since, has gained widespread acceptability in managing many patients with bladder-emptying dysfunctions regardless of the etiology. This article will present the background, indications, and helpful hints in Implementing a successful CIC program.
Diokno AC. A 50-Year Review of Lapides’ Clean Intermittent Catheterization: A Revolutionary, Life-Saving, Quality-of-Life Improving Technique for Bladder Management. Urologic Nursing. 2019;39(5):229-239. doi:10.7257/1053-816X.2019.39.5.229