What Is the Optimal Stenting Duration After Ureteroscopy and Stone Intervention? Impact of Dwell Time on Postoperative Emergency Department Visits.

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The Journal of urology


PURPOSE: AUA stone management guidelines recommend stenting duration following ureteroscopy be minimized to reduce morbidity; stents with extraction strings may be used for this purpose. However, an animal study demonstrated that short dwell time results in suboptimal ureteral dilation, and a pilot clinical study showed this increases postprocedure events. Using real-world practice data we examined stent dwell time after ureteroscopy and its association with postoperative emergency department visits.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative registry to identify ureteroscopy and stenting procedures (2016-2019). Pre-stented cases were excluded. Stenting cohorts with and without strings were analyzed. Using multivariable logistic regression we evaluated the risk of an emergency department visit occurring on the day of, or day after, stent removal based on dwell time and string status.

RESULTS: We identified 4,437 procedures; 1,690 (38%) had a string. Median dwell time was lower in patients with a string (5 vs 9 days). Ureteroscopy in younger patients, smaller stones, or renal stone location had a higher frequency of string use. The predicted probability of an emergency department visit was significantly greater in procedures with string, compared to without string, when dwell times were less than 5 days

CONCLUSIONS: Patients who had ureteroscopy and stenting with a string have short dwell times. Patients are at increased risk of a postoperative emergency department visit around the time of stent removal if dwell time is ≤4 days. We recommended stenting duration of at least 5 days in nonpre-stented patients.

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