Combination Treatment with Sipuleucel-T and Abiraterone Acetate or Enzalutamide for Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: STAMP and STRIDE Trials.
Clinical Cancer Research
PURPOSE: We present long-term outcomes from 2 randomized studies [STAMP (with abiraterone, NCT01487863) and STRIDE (with enzalutamide, NCT01981122)] that were performed to study the impact of sequential or concurrent administration of androgen receptor-targeting agents (ARTAs) on sipuleucel-T immune response and overall survival (OS) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sipuleucel-T was administered per current prescribing information. Results from STRIDE are presented together with updated STAMP results. Survival status of patients was updated using demographic information to query the National Death Index (NDI). Kaplan-Meier methodology was used to analyze survival.
RESULTS: Updated data reduced patient censoring in each study compared with the original analyses; the 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for OS are now estimable. Updated median OS (95% CI) is 33.3 (24.1-40.7) months for STAMP and 32.5 (26.0-45.1) months for STRIDE. There was no notable impact on median OS [HR, 0.727 (0.458-1.155); P = 0.177, reference = STRIDE]. OS with sequential administration was similar to concurrent administration [NDI update: HR, 0.963 (0.639-1.453); P = 0.845, reference = concurrent arm]. Sipuleucel-T potency, measured as antigen-presenting cell (APC) activation, was higher in subsequent infusions compared with the first infusion. Humoral responses (IgG + IgM antibody titers) to PA2024 and prostatic acid phosphatase were significantly elevated versus baseline. No new safety signals were observed.
CONCLUSIONS: Median OS was consistent regardless of whether the agents were administered sequentially or concurrently, including after NDI update. Results suggest that sipuleucel-T induces an immunologic prime-boost effect after initial sipuleucel-T exposure, even when combined with ARTAs.
Antonarakis ES, Subudhi SK, Pieczonka CM, Karsh LI, Quinn DI, Hafron JM, et al. Combination treatment with sipuleucel-T and abiraterone acetate or enzalutamide for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: STAMP and STRIDE trials. Clin Cancer Res. 2023 Jul 5;29(13):2426-2434. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-22-3832. PMID: 37058234.