Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) for Adrenal Metastases: Practice Patterns at Community-Based Radiotherapy Centers

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

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Publication Title

International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics


Purpose/Objective(s): To analyze SBRT of adrenal metastases at freestanding centers within a large network in the USA, in order to guide institutional recommendations. Materials/Methods: We interrogated records of patients treated with SBRT to adrenal metastases from January 2019 to June 2022 from a database of 13,363 patients who were treated with SBRT at 21 communitybased centers clustered into five regions within a network. We reported patient characteristics, frequency, survival rate, and biologically effective dose (BED10) prescribed, respiratory motion capture according to region and treatment year. Survival was calculated by Kaplan-Meier estimates. Results: A total of 271 patients were treated to metastatic adrenal lesions (2.0% of all SBRT patients). Median age was 69.8 years (range 32-96). Frequency of treatment increased by an average of 4.5% per year over the period. Table 1 gives the frequency of primary tumor sites, histological types, and dose fractionations. It also shows the range of BED10 used. 91% received five fractions, and 6% received 3 fractions. Median BED10 was 72 Gy (mean 68.0 Gy SD = 18.7). The most common regimen was 8 Gy x 5 (n = 75, 28%), but ranged from 5 Gy x 5 (n = 20) to 10 Gy x 5 (n = 34). BED10 varied according to geographic region ranging from 61.2 Gy to 73.0 Gy (p = 0.01). Median BED was 72 or above in 2 of 5 regions and less than 72 in 3 regions. Respiratory motion capture simulation was done in 65.1% of cases and frequency varied across the 5 locations as shown in Table1 from 93.3% in region 1 to 41.7% in region 5 (p<.0001). 4D CT simulation was used in 46.2% of cases and use was relatively stable over time: 52.8% in July to December 2020 and 40.9% from January to June 2022 with no trend over time: p = .7635 At median follow-up 6.6 months (range 0.3-48.5), 203 (74.9%) of patients were alive with a median overall survival of 24.3 months. 1-year and 2-year survival was 72.7% and 51.5% respectively. Use of respiratory motion simulation was not significantly associated with survival p = 0.47. Conclusion: Despite variation in BED10 and respiratory motion management, 2-year overall survival was over 50% in patients treated with SBRT for adrenal metastases in a large community network. Further study will address refinement of recommendations regarding dose and other treatment characteristics and expansion of clinical research in this setting.




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American Society for Radiation Oncology 65th Annual Meeting ASTRO 2023, October 1-4, 2023, San Diego, CA