Breast Implant Illness: A Cohort Study.
Background Breast implant illness (BII) is a clinical disease defined by a constellation of symptoms that patients experience as a result of their breast implants. This retrospective, cohort study evaluated the benefit of breast implant explantation with total capsulectomy on patients' symptoms. Methodology This is a single-center, single-arm, cohort study utilizing retrospectively collected data. All participants included in this study voluntarily presented to the department of plastic and reconstructive surgery and requested breast implant removal. A total of 229 patients were enrolled in the study over a three-year period from 2018 to 2021. The primary endpoints of the study were to objectively grade the improvement of symptomatology following surgical intervention. The secondary endpoints were to identify co-factors such as age, comorbidities, implant characteristics, the timing of symptoms, and other data that were potentially influenced by or influencers of the breast implant illness. Results The study achieved a total of 549-point decrease in symptom frequencies following surgery. Furthermore, with an average preoperative symptom score of 3.5 (scored 1-5) and a postoperative average of 1.9, the study demonstrated a score reduction of 1.6 across all symptoms. Furthermore, the study was able to eliminate on average 2.8 symptoms of breast implant illness from every patient following explantation. Conclusion Breast implant illness is a true clinical entity that affects an extensive population of patients who have undergone breast augmentation. This study has not only highlighted the extensive morbidity of breast implant illness but has also demonstrated that there is an opportunity to standardize treatment for this disease. These outcomes have proven that a significant reduction in disease severity can be achieved with breast implant explantation and total capsulectomy.
Serena TJ, Habib P, Derosa A. Breast implant illness: A Cohort study. Cureus. 2023 Apr 24;15(4):e38056. doi: 10.7759/cureus.38056. PMID: 37228535.