Analysis of Instrument Motion and the Impact of Residency Level and Concurrent Distraction on Laparoscopic Skills.
Journal of Surgial Education
OBJECTIVE: Using a laparoscopic box trainer fitted with motion analysis trackers and software, we aim to identify differences between junior and senior residents performing the peg transfer task, and the impact of a distracting secondary task on performance.
DESIGN: General surgery residents were asked to perform the laparoscopic peg transfer task on a trainer equipped with a motion tracker. They were also asked to perform the laparoscopic task while completing a secondary task. Extreme velocity and acceleration events of instrument movement in the 3 rotational degrees of freedom were measured during task completion. The number of extreme events, defined as velocity or acceleration exceeding 1 SD above or below their own mean, were tabulated. The performance of junior residents was compared to senior residents.
SETTING: Simulation learning institute, Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan.
PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven general surgery residents from Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak.
RESULTS: When completing the primary task alone, senior residents executed significantly fewer extreme motion events specific to acceleration in pitch (16.63 vs. 20.69, p = 0.04), and executed more extreme motion events specific to velocity in roll (16.14 vs. 15.11, p = 0.038), when compared to junior residents. With addition of a secondary task, senior residents had fewer extreme acceleration events specific to pitch, (14.69 vs. 22.22, p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: While junior and senior residents completed the peg transfer task with similar times, motion analysis identified differences in extreme motion events between the groups, even when a secondary task was added. Motion analysis may prove useful for real-time feedback during laparoscopic skill acquisition.
Pastewski J, Baker D, Somerset A, Leonard K, Azzie G, Roach VA, Ziegler K, Brahmamdam P. Analysis of Instrument Motion and the Impact of Residency Level and Concurrent Distraction on Laparoscopic Skills. J Surg Educ. 2021 Jan-Feb;78(1):265-274. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2020.07.012. Epub 2020 Jul 30. PMID: 32741690.