Longer Wait Times Do Not Adversely Impact 90-Day Mortality in Patients With Stages I-III Gastric Cancer.
Introduction Gastric cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in the United States. Surgery remains integral to the curative management of non-metastatic gastric cancer. However, delays to the date of surgery for gastric cancer patients are commonplace. To investigate the impact of treatment delays on gastric cancer mortality, we conducted a multivariable analysis of over 36,000 patients. Materials & methods After querying the National Cancer Database and excluding patients who did not meet inclusion criteria, our sample included 36,598 patients with stage I-III gastric cancer. We ran multivariable logistic regressions by regressing 90-day mortality on wait time. Other co-variables included sex, race, age, area of residence, comorbidities, insurance, histology, tumor grade, tumor stage, resection margins, treatment facility type, and treatment with chemotherapy. Results Our results demonstrated that each day of increased waiting time is associated with a 0.5% decrease in 90-day mortality. Other statistically significant predictors of higher 90-day mortality risk included male sex, black or white race, living in a small metropolitan or non-metropolitan area, older age, more severe comorbidities, non-private insurance, non-gastric stromal tumor cancer, non-well differentiated tumors, worse clinical stage, residual cancer, treatment at non-academic center, and no adjuvant/neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Conclusion These findings demonstrate that patients with longer wait times until surgery do not experience worse outcomes. These results are reassuring and can be cited to alleviate patient concerns.
Ramanathan S, Shen N, Johnson T, Cheng C, Tuma F, Serpa E, et al Longer wait times do not adversely impact 90-day mortality in patients with stages I-III gastric cancer. Cureus. 2023 Oct 4;15(10):e46494. doi: 10.7759/cureus.46494. PMID: 37927629.