Dynactin 6 deficiency enhances aging-associated dystrophic neurite formation in mouse brains
Neurobiology of Aging
Formation of Reticulon 3 (RTN3)-immunoreactive dystrophic neurites (RIDNs) occurs early during the growth of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. We have shown that RIDNs in AD and aging mouse brains are composed of abnormally clustered tubular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and degenerating mitochondria. To understand RTN3-mediated abnormal tubular ER clustering, we aimed to identify proteins that interact with RTN3 and impact accumulation of tubular ER in RIDNs. We found that the N-terminal domain of RTN3, which is unique among RTN family members, specifically interacted with dynactin 6 (DCTN6), a protein involved in dynein-mediated retrograde transport of cargo vesicles. DCTN6 protein levels decrease with aging in the hippocampal regions of WT mice. We found that DCTN6 deficiency enhanced RTN3 protein levels, high molecular weight RTN3 levels, and hippocampus-specific RIDN formation in aging brains of transgenic mice overexpressing RTN3. Our results suggest that the DCTN6-RTN3 interaction mediates tubular ER trafficking in axons, and a DCTN6 deficiency in the hippocampus impairs axonal ER trafficking, leading to abnormal ER accumulation and RIDN formation in brains of aging mice.
Sharoar MG, Zhou J, Benoit M, He W, Yan R. Dynactin 6 deficiency enhances aging-associated dystrophic neurite formation in mouse brains. Neurobiol Aging. 2021 Nov;107:21-29. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2021.07.006. Epub 2021 Jul 15. PMID: 34371284; PMCID: PMC8595529.