Evaluating the Correlation Between Early and Late Quality-Of-Life Declines Using the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite for Clinical Practice (EPIC-CP) After Definitive Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy, or Brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of Clinical Oncology


Background: Multiple authorities including an NCI Taskforce have recommended routine evaluation of patient reported outcomes (PRO) in cancer care.The Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite for Clinical Practice (EPIC-CP) is a single-page quality-of-life (QOL) tool which is easily integrated into routine clinical practice. The EPIC-CP has 5 domains (each scored 0-12). The present study evaluated whether early clinically significant changes in EPIC-CP were correlated with later changes in patients undergoing definitive radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer. Methods: A cohort of 979 patients including the PROSTQA study and 3 other institutions with prospective QOL data pooled for analysis were evaluated for patient-reported outcomes. Patients were treated with definitive low-dose rate brachytherapy (n=284), intensity-modulated RT (n=251), or stereotactic body RT (n=444). EPIC-CP scores were derived based upon responses to the EPIC-26. Data were evaluated using minimal clinically important difference (MCID) thresholds to compare QOL at 1-2 months and 24 months from baseline. Univariate analysis was used to assess the correlation between early and late MCID changes. Results: On univariate analysis, early ≥1 MCID change from baseline was strongly associated with a late ≥1 MCID across all 5 domains (urinary incontinence, urinary irritation/obstruction, bowel, sexual, and vitality/hormonal) within EPIC-CP and for the overall EPIC-CP score (Table). When MCID was instead defined as 1 or 3, early toxicity remained predictive of late toxicity for all domains and the overall EPIC-CP score. Conclusions: The EPIC-CP is an easy-to-use QOL assessment with clinically relevant outcomes. Early QOL decline was strongly associated with late QOL decline in patients undergoing definitive RT for prostate cancer across all EPIC-CP domains. Patients with early QOL decline may be candidates for early QOL-based interventions to alleviate their late toxicity burden from treatment.




6 Suppl.

First Page



DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2021.39.6_suppl.214