Evaluating the Correlation Between Early and Late Quality-Of-Life Declines Using the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite for Clinical Practice (EPIC-CP) After Definitive Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy, or Brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Background: Multiple authorities including an NCI Taskforce have recommended routine evaluation of patient reported outcomes (PRO) in cancer care.The Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite for Clinical Practice (EPIC-CP) is a single-page quality-of-life (QOL) tool which is easily integrated into routine clinical practice. The EPIC-CP has 5 domains (each scored 0-12). The present study evaluated whether early clinically significant changes in EPIC-CP were correlated with later changes in patients undergoing definitive radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer. Methods: A cohort of 979 patients including the PROSTQA study and 3 other institutions with prospective QOL data pooled for analysis were evaluated for patient-reported outcomes. Patients were treated with definitive low-dose rate brachytherapy (n=284), intensity-modulated RT (n=251), or stereotactic body RT (n=444). EPIC-CP scores were derived based upon responses to the EPIC-26. Data were evaluated using minimal clinically important difference (MCID) thresholds to compare QOL at 1-2 months and 24 months from baseline. Univariate analysis was used to assess the correlation between early and late MCID changes. Results: On univariate analysis, early ≥1 MCID change from baseline was strongly associated with a late ≥1 MCID across all 5 domains (urinary incontinence, urinary irritation/obstruction, bowel, sexual, and vitality/hormonal) within EPIC-CP and for the overall EPIC-CP score (Table). When MCID was instead defined as 1 or 3, early toxicity remained predictive of late toxicity for all domains and the overall EPIC-CP score. Conclusions: The EPIC-CP is an easy-to-use QOL assessment with clinically relevant outcomes. Early QOL decline was strongly associated with late QOL decline in patients undergoing definitive RT for prostate cancer across all EPIC-CP domains. Patients with early QOL decline may be candidates for early QOL-based interventions to alleviate their late toxicity burden from treatment.
Parzen JS, Quinn TJ, Thompson AB, Chang P, Collins SP, Suy S, Michalski JM, Mantz CA, Seymour Z, Hamstra, DA. Evaluating the correlation between early and late quality-of-life declines using the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite for Clinical Practice (EPIC-CP) after definitive stereotactic body radiotherapy, intensity-modulated radiotherapy, or brachytherapy for prostate cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2021 Feb 20; 39 (6 Suppl):214. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2021.39.6_suppl.214