Seizure Presentation in Patients with Brain Arteriovenous Malformations Treated with Stereotactic Radiosurgery: A Multicenter Study.
BACKGROUND: Seizures are the second most common clinical presentation in patients with brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and the most common presentation of unruptured AVMs. The aim of the present multicenter, retrospective cohort study was to identify the predictors of seizure presentation in patients with AVM who had undergone stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS).
METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients with AVM who had been treated with SRS at 8 participating International Radiosurgery Research Foundation sites. The patient and AVM characteristics were compared between those with and without seizure presentation in univariable and multivariable models. A subgroup analysis of patients with cortical AVMs was performed.
RESULTS: The study cohort included 2333 patients with AVM, including 419 (18%) with and 1914 (82%) without a seizure presentation. Previous AVM resection (odds ratio [OR], 7.65; P = 0.001), a lack of previous AVM hemorrhage (OR, 0.004; P < 0.001), a cortical AVM location (OR, 1559.42; P < 0.001), a lower Spetzler-Martin grade (OR, 0.51; P = 0.007), and a higher Virginia radiosurgery AVM score (OR, 1.46; P = 0.008) were independent predictors of seizure presentation. The rate of seizure presentation in patients with cortical AVMs was 27%. Previous AVM resection (OR, 8.36; P < 0.001), a lack of previous AVM hemorrhage (OR, 0.004; P < 0.001), and temporal AVM location (OR, 4.15; P < 0.001) were independent predictors of seizure presentation for cortical AVMs.
CONCLUSION: We identified multiple factors associated with seizure presentation in patients with AVM to undergo SRS. Previous AVM resection, a cortical AVM location, and a lack of previous AVM hemorrhage were the strongest predictors of pre-SRS seizures. The Spetzler-Martin grade and Virginia radiosurgery AVM score might have a role in seizure risk stratification. For cortical AVMs, a temporal lobe location was predictive of seizure presentation.
Chen CJ, Shabo LM, Ding D, Ironside N, Kano H, Mathieu D, Kondziolka D, Feliciano C, Rodriguez-Mercado R, Grills IS, Barnett G, Lunsford LD, Sheehan JP; International Radiosurgery Research Foundation. Seizure Presentation in Patients with Brain Arteriovenous Malformations Treated with Stereotactic Radiosurgery: A Multicenter Study. World Neurosurg. 2019 Jun;126:e634-e640. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2019.02.104. Epub 2019 Mar 1. PMID: 30831294.