Outcomes After Salvage Radiation Therapy for Recurrent Endometrial Cancer in Patients With No Prior Adjuvant Therapy: An Institutional Review.
Advances in Radiation Oncology
Purpose: After definitive surgery, women with early-stage, low-risk endometrial cancer are observed. However, some will require salvage radiation therapy for recurrence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate our experience using salvage radiation for recurrent endometrial cancer in patients who did not receive upfront adjuvant therapy.
Methods and Materials: Twenty-eight women with endometrial cancer who had undergone initial definitive hysterectomy without adjuvant therapy developed isolated local or regional recurrence and were treated with salvage radiation in our department from 2004 to 2018. Salvage radiation included whole pelvic radiation, vaginal brachytherapy, or both. Patient and tumor characteristics, treatment details, and toxicities were recorded and analyzed.
Results: The median time to first recurrence was 1.7 years. First recurrences consisted of local recurrence in 23 patients, regional recurrence in 4, and both in 1. The median times from hysterectomy to first recurrence, local and regional, were 1.2 and 4.0 years, respectively. All patients underwent salvage radiation for management of their first recurrence. The median total equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions for this treatment was 67.6 Gy (37.5-81.8 Gy). Two second recurrences occurred following salvage treatment, both local recurrence, at 6.5 and 13.5 months after radiation. The 2-year rates of local control, disease-free survival, and overall survival were 93%, 80%, and 88%, respectively. Treatment was well-tolerated, with low rates of gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicity.
Conclusions: In this group of patients, salvage radiation therapy for local or regional recurrence of endometrial cancer resulted in excellent control with low rates of acute and chronic toxicities.
Arden JD, Gruner MF, Vu CC, Marvin K, Ye H, Nandalur SR, Al-Wahab Z, Gadzinski J, Rakowski JA, Field J, Rosen B, Jawad MS. Outcomes After Salvage Radiation Therapy for Recurrent Endometrial Cancer in Patients With No Prior Adjuvant Therapy: An Institutional Review. Adv Radiat Oncol. 2020 Sep 9;5(6):1240-1247. doi: 10.1016/j.adro.2020.08.012. PMID: 33305085; PMCID: PMC7718518.