Title

The interplay between metabolic remodeling and immune regulation in glioblastoma

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-1-2017

Publication Title

Neuro-Oncology

Abstract

© 2017 The Author(s). The fields of tumor metabolism and immune oncology have both independently received considerable attention over the last several years. The majority of research in tumor metabolism has largely focused on the Warburg effect and its resulting biologic consequences, including energy and macromolecule production. However, recent investigations have identified elegant, multifaceted strategies by which alterations in tumor metabolism can also contribute to a potent tolerogenic immune environment. One of the most notable is increased tryptophan metabolism through activation of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) and tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO). However, this pathway represents one of numerous metabolic pathways that may modulate the immune system. For example, metabolites associated with aerobic glycolysis, adenosine, arginine, and prostaglandin metabolism have all been implicated in cancer-mediated immune tolerance and represent attractive therapeutic targets. In this review, we will provide an overview of the emerging interface between these 2 timely areas of cancer research and provide an overview of strategies currently being tested to target these next-generation metabolic immune checkpoints.

Volume

19

Issue

10

First Page

1308

Last Page

1315

DOI

10.1093/neuonc/nox079

ISSN

15228517

PubMed ID

28541512

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