Near-Surface Dose Correlates With Moist Desquamation and Unplanned Reconstructive Surgery in Patients With Implant-Based Reconstruction Receiving Postmastectomy Radiation Therapy.
Advances in radiation oncology
PURPOSE: Postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) reduces disease recurrence in appropriately selected patients but may compromise implant-based reconstruction. We investigated whether near-surface dose correlates with radiation-related toxic effects in these patients.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients receiving PMRT at a single institution from 2016 to 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Patient demographics and treatment information were collected. Three near-surface structures were retrospectively generated, bound by the chest wall tangent beam as well as the skin surface and the skin-3 mm contour (SR3), skin surface and skin-5 mm contour (SR5), or skin-5 and skin-10 mm contours. Dosimetric analysis of these near-surface contours was performed in 2 Gy intervals. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify predictors of moist desquamation, grade 2+ chest wall pain, use of opiate pain medication, unplanned reconstructive surgery, and implant failure. Logistic regression for each outcome and near-surface contour was performed for receiver-operator area under the curve (AUC) analysis and the Youden J Statistic was used to determine the optimal threshold for each dosimetric parameter.
RESULTS: Of 126 patients reviewed, 109 met the study's eligibility criteria. Median follow-up was 2.3 years. Twenty-five patients (23%) underwent unplanned reconstructive surgery, and 10 (9.2%) experienced implant failure. Among clinical variables, low body mass index and history of smoking predicted unplanned surgery on univariate and multivariate analyses, and moist desquamation predicted grade 2+ chest wall pain. The top dosimetric parameters by AUC for moist desquamation, grade 2+ chest wall pain, use of opiates, unplanned reconstructive surgery, and implant failure were SR5 D10 cc (AUC = 0.701, optimal threshold 57.8 Gy,
CONCLUSIONS: Near-surface dose correlates with moist desquamation and unplanned reconstructive surgery after PMRT. Further evaluation of prospective optimization of dosimetric parameters related to SR3 and SR5 should be considered.
Levitin R, Salari K, Squires BS, Hazy AJ, Maywood MJ, Thrasher P, et al [Delise AP, Almahariq MF, Dekhne N, Oliver L, Chen PY, Walters KJ, Dudley D, Dilworth JT] Near-surface dose correlates with moist desquamation and unplanned reconstructive surgery in patients with implant-based reconstruction receiving postmastectomy radiation therapy. Adv Radiat Oncol. 2023 Jun 5;8(6):101283. doi: 10.1016/j.adro.2023.101283. PMID: 37492779.