Evaluation of variables predicting PFT changes for lung cancer patients treated on a prospective 4DCT-ventilation functional avoidance clinical trial.

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Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology


PURPOSE: Functional avoidance radiotherapy uses functional imaging to reduce pulmonary toxicity by designing radiotherapy plans that reduce doses to functional regions of the lung. A phase-II, multi-center, prospective study of 4DCT-ventilation functional avoidance was completed. Pre and post-treatment pulmonary function tests (PFTs) were acquired and assessed pulmonary function change. This study aims to evaluate which clinical, dose and dose-function factors predict PFT changes for patients treated with 4DCT-ventilation functional avoidance radiotherapy.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: 56 patients with locally advanced lung cancer receiving radiotherapy were accrued. PFTs were obtained at baseline and three months following radiotherapy and included forced expiratory volume in 1-second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and FEV1/FVC. The ability of patient, clinical, dose (lung and heart), and dose-function metrics (metrics that combine dose and 4DCT-ventilation-based function) to predict PFT changes were evaluated using univariate and multivariate linear regression.

RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed that only dose-function metrics and the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were significant (p

CONCLUSION: The current work evaluated factors predicting PFT changes for patients treated in a prospective functional avoidance radiotherapy study. The data revealed that lung dose- function metrics could predict PFT changes, validating the significance of reducing the dose to the functional lung to mitigate the decline in pulmonary function and providing guidance for future clinical trials.

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