Linac primary barrier transmission: Flattening filter free and field size dependence.
Journal of applied clinical medical physics
There is widespread consensus in the literature that flattening filter free (FFF) beams have a lower primary barrier transmission than flattened beams. Measurements presented here, however, show that for energy compensated FFF beams, the barrier transmission can be as much as 70% higher than for flattened beams. The ratio of the FFF barrier transmission to the flattened beam barrier transmission increases with increasing barrier thickness. The use of published FFF TVL data for energy compensated FFF beams could lead to an order of magnitude underestimate of the air kerma rate. There are little data in the literature on the field size dependence of the barrier transmission for flattened beams. Barrier transmission depends on the field size at the barrier, not at isocenter Measurements are presented showing the relative dependence of barrier transmission on the field size, measured at the barrier, for 6 MV and 10 MV beams. An analytical fitting formula is provided for the field size dependence. For field sizes greater than about 150 cm in side length, the field size dependence is minimal. For field sizes less than about 100 cm, the transmission declines rapidly as the field size decreases.
McDermott PN, Drake D, Knill C, Sigler MD. Linac primary barrier transmission: flattening filter free and field size dependence. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2023 Mar;24(3):e13886. doi: 10.1002/acm2.13886. PMID: 36601672.