Trimodality therapy for patients with stage III non-small-cell lung cancer: A comprehensive surveillance, epidemiology, and end results analysis.

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Cancer Treatment and Research Communications


PURPOSE: Debate exists regarding the optimal management for patients with stage III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recent inclusion of chemotherapeutic data in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database has made it possible to identify patients with NSCLC who received chemotherapy. We hypothesized that patients with stage III NSCLC experience improved overall survival from trimodality therapy (TMT) versus definitive chemoradiation therapy (CRT) alone.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the overall survival of stage III NSCLC patients based on the receipt of TMT versus CRT alone. This included crude and adjusted univariate models as well as crude and doubly robust adjusted multivariable analyses, both utilizing propensity score matching and inverse probability of treatment weighting. Factors included in the multivariable analyses included: age, sex, marital status, income, date of diagnosis, primary site, histology, grade, T stage, N stage, and intended treatment. Planned subset analyses were performed for stage III(N2) patients.

RESULTS: Adult patients with stage III NSCLC (N = 9008) from the SEER database were included in our analyses. In our univariate analyses, an overall survival benefit was observed for TMT versus CRT (CrudeHR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.55-0.61, p < 0.001; AdjHR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.54-0.61, p < 0.001). This persisted in both crude and doubly robust multivariable analyses (CrudeHR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.53-0.61, p < 0.001; AdjHR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.53-0.59, p < 0.001). Patients with stage III(N2) disease also demonstrated a significant benefit to OS with TMT versus CRT alone.

CONCLUSION: The significant difference in overall survival seen with TMT suggests this may be an effective treatment approach for select patients.



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Online ahead of print.





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