Title

Synthetic pulmonary perfusion images from 4DCT for functional avoidance using deep learning.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-23-2021

Publication Title

Physics in medicine and biology

Abstract

Purpose.To develop and evaluate the performance of a deep learning model to generate synthetic pulmonary perfusion images from clinical 4DCT images for patients undergoing radiotherapy for lung cancer.Methods. A clinical data set of 58 pre- and post-radiotherapy99mTc-labeled MAA-SPECT perfusion studies (32 patients) each with contemporaneous 4DCT studies was collected. Using the inhale and exhale phases of the 4DCT, a 3D-residual network was trained to create synthetic perfusion images utilizing the MAA-SPECT as ground truth. The training process was repeated for a 50-imaging study, five-fold validation with twenty model instances trained per fold. The highest performing model instance from each fold was selected for inference upon the eight-study test set. A manual lung segmentation was used to compute correlation metrics constrained to the voxels within the lungs. From the pre-treatment test cases (N = 5), 50th percentile contours of well-perfused lung were generated from both the clinical and synthetic perfusion images and the agreement was quantified.Results. Across the hold-out test set, our deep learning model predicted perfusion with a Spearman correlation coefficient of 0.70 (IQR: 0.61-0.76) and a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.66 (IQR: 0.49-0.73). The agreement of the functional avoidance contour pairs was Dice of 0.803 (IQR: 0.750-0.810) and average surface distance of 5.92 mm (IQR: 5.68-7.55).Conclusion. We demonstrate that from 4DCT alone, a deep learning model can generate synthetic perfusion images with potential application in functional avoidance treatment planning.

Volume

66

Issue

17

DOI

10.1088/1361-6560/ac16ec

ISSN

1361-6560

PubMed ID

34293726

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