Oral D-methionine protects against cisplatin-induced hearing loss in humans: phase 2 randomized clinical trial in India.
International Journal of Audiology
Objective: This exploratory Phase 2 clinical trial is the first determining safety and efficacy of oral D-methionine (D-met) in reducing cisplatin-induced ototoxicity Design: Randomised parallel double-blind placebo-controlled exploratory Phase 2 study .Study samples: Fifty adult cancer patients received oral D-met or placebo before each cisplatin dose. Physical examination, blood collection and audiometry occurred at baseline and subsequent visits plus post-treatment audiometry. After attrition, final analysis included 27 patients. Results: Significant treatment group by ear and time (baseline vs. post-treatment) interactions occurred at 10 kHz and 11.2 kHz. Placebo and D-met groups differed in threshold shift for left ear at 11.2 kHz (mean difference = 22.97 dB [9.59, 36.35]). Averaging across ears, placebo group showed significant threshold shifts from baseline to post-treatment at 10 kHz (mean shift= -13.65 dB [-21.32,-5.98]), 11.2 kHz (-16.15 dB [-25.19,-7.12]), and 12.5 kHz (-11.46 dB [-19.18,-3.74]) but not 8 kHz (-8.65 dB [-17.86, 0.55]). The D-met group showed no significant threshold shifts (8 kHz: -1.25 dB [-7.75, 5.25]; 10 kHz:-3.93 dB [-8.89, 1.03]; 11.2 kHz:-4.82 dB [-11.21, 1.57]; 12.5 kHz:-3.68 dB [-11.57, 4.21]). Side effects did not significantly differ between groups .Conclusion: Oral D-met reduces cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in humans.
Campbell KC, Rehemtulla A, Sunkara P, Hamstra D, Buhnerkempe M, Ross B. Oral D-methionine protects against cisplatin-induced hearing loss in humans: phase 2 randomized clinical trial in India. Int J Audiol. 2022 Aug;61(8):621-631. doi: 10.1080/14992027.2021.1983215. PMID: 34622731.