Title

Predictors of Pneumonitis After Conventionally Fractionated Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Lung Cancer.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2021

Publication Title

International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics

Abstract

PURPOSE: Multiple factors influence the risk of developing pneumonitis after radiation therapy (RT) for lung cancer, but few resources exist to guide clinicians in predicting risk in an individual patient treated with modern techniques. We analyzed toxicity data from a state-wide consortium to develop an integrated pneumonitis risk model.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: All patients (N = 1302) received conventionally fractionated RT for stage II-III non-small cell lung cancer between April 2012 and July 2019. Pneumonitis occurring within 6 months of treatment was graded by local practitioners and collected prospectively from 27 academic and community clinics participating in a state-wide quality consortium. Pneumonitis was modeled as either grade ≥2 (G2+) or grade ≥3 (G3+). Logistic regression models were fit to quantify univariable associations with dose and clinical factors, and stepwise Akaike information criterion-based modeling was used to build multivariable prediction models.

RESULTS: The overall rate of pneumonitis of any grade in the 6 months following RT was 16% (208 cases). Seven percent of cases (n = 94) were G2+ and

CONCLUSIONS: We present an analysis of pneumonitis risk after definitive RT for lung cancer using a large, prospective dataset. We incorporate comorbidity burden, smoking status, and dosimetric parameters in an integrated risk model. These data may guide clinicians in assessing pneumonitis risk in individual patients.

Volume

111

Issue

5

First Page

1176

Last Page

1185

DOI

10.1016/j.ijrobp.2021.07.1691

ISSN

1879-355X

PubMed ID

34314815

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