The Association of Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy on Overall Survival in Merkel Cell Carcinoma: A Population-Based Analysis.
Purpose/objective(s) Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive cutaneous neoplasm traditionally managed with surgical resection followed by radiotherapy (RT). With the recent approval of checkpoint inhibitors, chemotherapy is less commonly utilized. We analyzed the impact of RT and chemotherapy on overall survival (OS) in patients with MCC using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER), a population-level database. Materials and methods We performed retrospective analyses on SEER 18 Custom Data registries for MCC (ICD-0-3 8247). Data from 1980 to 2016 was queried for analysis, and an initial list of 9,792 patients was populated (ICD: C00, C07.9, C44, C80.9). Selection for cases with chemotherapy and RT status, single primary tumor, primary tumor location and surgery treatment type yielded 5,002 cases for analysis. Baseline characteristics were compared with Chi-square or Mann-Whitney U test. Univariate and multivariable analysis using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards regression modeling were performed. Propensity-score matched analysis with inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was used to account for indication bias. Results Median follow-up time was 178 months (68 to 217 months). Independent prognostic factors positively correlated with increased OS, for both unadjusted Multivariate analysis and IPTW adjusted MVA were age, male sex, year of diagnosis, stage, RT status, and chemotherapy status. On adjusted MVA, use of chemotherapy was associated with worse OS (hazard ratio: 1.22 [95% CI 1.1-1.35], p
Vayntraub A, Tayeb N, Squires B, Mehnert JM, Hassan Ii Q, Sebastian NT, Deryaniyagala R, Quinn TJ. The Association of Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy on Overall Survival in Merkel Cell Carcinoma: A Population-Based Analysis. Cureus. 2021 Sep 25;13(9):e18276. doi: 10.7759/cureus.18276. PMID: 34722054; PMCID: PMC8545516.