Hidradenocarcinoma of the Abdominal Wall Treated With Wide Surgical Excision and Adjuvant Radiotherapy.
Hidradenocarcinomas are rare malignant sweat gland tumors that typically arise in the head and neck area. To the best of our knowledge, this is the only reported instance of hidradenocarcinoma of the abdominal wall as well as the first case arising from a region of prior trauma. A 72-year-old female presented with a left abdominal wall lesion, which she had first noticed after an injury to the area. Initially, the lesion remained stable in size, after which it became mildly pruritic, progressive in size, and expressive of a clear, non-odorous discharge. Imaging demonstrated a heterogeneous cystic density. Surgical pathology revealed a malignant dermal adnexal neoplasm composed of pleomorphic polygonal cells and focal intracytoplasmic lumina lined by eosinophilic cuticles, as well as areas of ductal differentiation, apocrine differentiation, and mucinous metaplasia. Surgical excision of the mass was performed, followed by adjuvant external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). The patient had no long-term toxicities or clinical evidence of local disease recurrence as of one year post-surgery and six months post-EBRT. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to improving outcomes in patients with hidradenocarcinomas. Frequent follow-up is equally important, as these tumors have high recurrence rates.
Rehman R, Squires B, Osto M, Quinn T, Kabolizadeh P. Hidradenocarcinoma of the Abdominal Wall Treated With Wide Surgical Excision and Adjuvant Radiotherapy. Cureus. 2021 Apr 27;13(4):e14724. doi: 10.7759/cureus.14724. PMID: 34094723; PMCID: PMC8169006.