High frequency percussive ventilation for respiratory immobilization in radiotherapy.
Technical innovations & patient support in radiation oncology
High frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV) employs high frequency low tidal volumes (100-400 bursts/min) to provide respiration in awake patients while simultaneously reducing respiratory motion. The purpose of this study is to evaluate HFPV as a technique for respiratory motion immobilization in radiotherapy. In this study fifteen healthy volunteers (age 30-75 y) underwent HFPV using three different oral interfaces. We evaluated each HFPV oral interface device for compliance, ease of use, comfort, geometric interference, minimal chest wall motion, duty cycle and prolonged percussive time. Their chest wall motion was monitored using an external respiratory motion laser system. The percussive ventilations were delivered via an air driven pneumatic system. All volunteers were monitored for PO2 and tc-CO2 with a pulse oximeter and CO2 Monitoring System. A total of N = 62 percussive sessions were analyzed from the external respiratory motion laser system. Chest-wall motion was well tolerated and drastically reduced using HFPV in each volunteer evaluated. As a result, we believe HFPV may provide thoracic immobilization during radiotherapy, particularly for SBRT and pencil beam scanning proton therapy.
Sala IM, Nair GB, Maurer B, Guerrero TM. High frequency percussive ventilation for respiratory immobilization in radiotherapy. Tech Innov Patient Support Radiat Oncol. 2018 Dec 14;9:8-12. doi: 10.1016/j.tipsro.2018.11.001. PMID: 32095589; PMCID: PMC7033809.