Stereotactic Image Guided Lung Radiation Therapy for Clinical Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Long-Term Report From a Multi-Institutional Database of Patients Treated With or Without a Pathologic Diagnosis.
Practical Radiation Oncology
PURPOSE: Early stage lung cancer is treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in patients who are unable or unwilling to undergo surgical resection. Some patients' comorbidities are so severe that they are unable to even undergo a biopsy. A clinical diagnosis without biopsy before SBRT has been used, but there are limited data on its efficacy.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data on patients treated with SBRT for non-small cell lung cancer, with and without tissue confirmation, were collected from multiple institutions across Europe, Canada, and the United States. Patients with a minimum of 2 years of comprehensive follow up were selected for analysis. Treatment and patient characteristics were compared. Overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), cause-specific survival (CSS), and rates of local recurrence (LR), regional recurrence (RR), and distant metastasis (DM) were calculated and analyzed.
RESULTS: A total of 701 patients were identified, of which 67% had tissue confirmation of their tumors. The 3- and 5-year outcomes for OS, CSS, and DFS were 83.8%, 93.1%, 69%, and 60.6%, 86.7%, 45.5%, respectively. The rates for LR, RR, and DM at 3 and 5 years were 6.4%, 9.3%, 14.3%, and 10.5%, 14.3%, 19.7%, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in survival outcomes or recurrences between the biopsy and no-biopsy cohorts.
CONCLUSIONS: SBRT for clinically diagnosed lung cancers is efficacious in appropriately selected patients, with similar outcomes as those with a pathologic diagnosis. Thorough clinical and radiographic evaluations in a multidisciplinary setting are critical to the management of these patients.
Fernandez C, Grills IS, Ye H, Hope AJ, Guckenberger M, Mantel F, Kestin LL, Belderbos J, Werner-Wasik M. Stereotactic Image Guided Lung Radiation Therapy for Clinical Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Long-Term Report From a Multi-Institutional Database of Patients Treated With or Without a Pathologic Diagnosis. Pract Radiat Oncol. 2020 Jul-Aug;10(4):e227-e237. doi: 10.1016/j.prro.2019.12.003. Epub 2019 Dec 11. PMID: 31837478.