Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Acromegaly: An International Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study.
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a treatment option for persistent or recurrent acromegaly secondary to a growth hormone secreting pituitary adenoma, but its efficacy is inadequately defined.
OBJECTIVE: To assess, in a multicenter, retrospective cohort study, the outcomes of SRS for acromegaly and determine predictors.
METHODS: We pooled and analyzed data from 10 participating institutions of the International Gamma Knife Research Foundation for patients with acromegaly who underwent SRS with endocrine follow-up of ≥6 mo.
RESULTS: The study cohort comprised 371 patients with a mean endocrine follow-up of 79 mo. IGF-1 lowering medications were held in 56% of patients who were on pre-SRS medical therapy. The mean SRS treatment volume and margin dose were 3.0 cm3 and 24.2 Gy, respectively. The actuarial rates of initial and durable endocrine remission at 10 yr were 69% and 59%, respectively. The mean time to durable remission after SRS was 38 mo. Biochemical relapse after initial remission occurred in 9%, with a mean time to recurrence of 17 mo. Cessation of IGF-1 lowering medication prior to SRS was the only independent predictor of durable remission (P = .01). Adverse radiation effects included the development of ≥1 new endocrinopathy in 26% and ≥1 cranial neuropathy in 4%.
CONCLUSION: SRS is a definitive treatment option for patients with persistent or recurrent acromegaly after surgical resection. There appears to be a statistical association between the cessation of IGF-1 lowering medications prior to SRS and durable remission.
Ding D, Mehta GU, Patibandla MR, Lee CC, Liscak R, Kano H, Pai FY, Kosak M, Sisterson ND, Martinez-Alvarez R, Martinez-Moreno N, Mathieu D, Grills IS, Blas K, Lee K, Cifarelli CP, Katsevman GA, Lee JYK, McShane B, Kondziolka D, Lunsford LD, Vance ML, Sheehan JP. Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Acromegaly: An International Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study. Neurosurgery. 2019 Mar 1;84(3):717-725. doi: 10.1093/neuros/nyy178. Erratum in: Neurosurgery. 2018 Nov 1;83(5):1084. PMID: 29757421; PMCID: PMC6505445.