ADT Use and Nodal Irradiation in Men Receiving Post-Prostatectomy Salvage Radiotherapy Within a Statewide Radiation Oncology Quality Consortium
International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Purpose/Objective(s): For men with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy, salvage radiotherapy (SRT) is a standard of care. Outcomes are improved when SRT is delivered at lower PSA levels, and there has been increased emphasis on more timely treatment. With early SRT, however, there remains uncertainty as to the optimal use and duration of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and pelvic lymph node radiation (PLNRT). Moreover, PET imaging and genomic classifiers have emerged as tools to guide treatment decisions, but their uptake in routine practice is unknown. To address these questions, we analyzed a contemporary cohort treated with SRT within the Michigan Radiation Oncology Quality Consortium (MROQC). We hypothesized that ADT and PLNRT practices would reflect recent trial results in this setting. Materials/Methods: Eligible patients receiving SRT at an MROQC center were enrolled from 06/09/20 to 11/04/22. Data was prospectively collected via patient-, physician-, and physicist-completed forms. Patients were matched to the Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MUSIC) database for additional treatment- and patient-related data. Univariable (UVA) and multivariable analyses (MVA) were performed to test associations between patient/tumor factors and ADT or PLNRT use. Results: A total of 191 patients across 26 centers were enrolled in the MROQC database. Of these, 116 were matched to the MUSIC database. Median time from RP to SRT was 17 months (IQR 8 − 33 months). The median post-RP PSA prior to SRT was 0.25 (IQR 0.16 − 0.60). Early SRT was defined as pre-SRT PSA ≤0.5, and 27% (n = 31/116) had a pre-SRT PSA >0.5. Twenty-eight were pT3b/T4, 97% were pN0/NX, and 51% had positive surgical margins. Fractionation was conventional (>28 fractions) in 58% and moderate hypofractionation (20-28 fractions) in 38%. Table 1 describes the patients receiving ADT and/or PLNRT. Median ADT duration was 6 mo (IQR 6 − 7 mo). MVA revealed pre-SRT PSA >0.5 (OR 5.05 [1.89 − 15.33]) and pT3b/T4 disease (OR 4.23 [1.40 − 14.56]) were significantly associated with ADT use (p <0.05), but not grade group (GG) or margin status. PLNRT was significantly associated with pre-SRT PSA >0.5 (OR 3.04 [1.21 − 8.42], p <0.05) but not pT stage, margin status, or GG. PET imaging was performed in 37% of men (52% negative, 21% prostate bed alone uptake, and 26% lymph node positivity) and genomic classifiers were performed in 24%. Conclusion: Nearly 75% of biochemically recurrent prostate cancer patients within MROQC received early SRT, and about half received ADT. A pre-SRT PSA >0.5 was strongly associated with ADT and PLNRT. With prostate bed SRT alone, very few received ADT. Given the considerable heterogeneity in treatment, additional studies may help identify patients who most benefit from ADT + PLNRT, and who may be spared potential added toxicity.
Regan SN, Dykstra MP, Yin H, McLaughlin PW, Boike TP, Bhatt AK, et al. ADT use and nodal irradiation in men receiving post-prostatectomy salvage radiotherapy within a statewide radiation oncology quality consortium. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2023 Oct; 117(2 Suppl.):e430-e431. doi:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2023.06.1596