Evaluation of a Physical Therapist-Delivered Technology Literacy Algorithm and Protocol for Older Adults: A Pilot Study.

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Introduction Technology literacy is the ability to comfortably understand, use, and navigate digital devices. It is considered a "super social determinant of health", and yet 39% of adults aged 65+ report not using a smartphone, and 25% of seniors still lack internet access. The purpose of this study was to examine the applicability of a physical therapist-delivered clinical assessment tool related to technological literacy and to identify relationships between technology utilization and perceptions related to sociodemographic factors in community-dwelling older adults. Methods A prospective mixed-methods observational-descriptive study where physical therapists (PTs) administered a newly designed technology literacy algorithm to older adults and evaluated the results of the algorithm. A convenience sample of 30 participants aged 65 and older was evaluated for their technology literacy. The exclusion criteria were if the person had a vision deficit, lived in a nursing home or extended care facility, was unable to fluently read and understand the English language, or was not willing to have an in-home visit by a licensed PT. After informed consent was obtained, the participant completed a Past Experience with Technology Questionnaire assessing participant confidence with technology usage and a demographic questionnaire. A PT data collector visited participants' homes and administered a novel technology literacy algorithm. The PTs also provided subjective feedback after patient visits as to their perceptions of the algorithm. Inferential statistics were performed for key variables, including a Kruskal-Wallis test being utilized for variables with three or more levels and a two-sample Wilcoxon test being utilized for variables with two levels. The binary results were evaluated with chi-squared tests. Trends in distribution and measures of central tendency were analyzed for demographic data. Statistical significance was set at P





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