Rehabilitation for Rhabdomyolysis Associated With Breast Cancer Treatment.
Rhabdomyolysis can result in pain, physical limitations and may require hospitalization for medical management; however, little evidence has been reported on the efficacy of physical therapy (PT) interventions for this condition. Additionally, a review of literature on occurrences of rhabdomyolysis associated with cancer treatments yielded limited results. The purpose of this case report was to describe the acute and inpatient rehabilitation (IPR) examination, interventions, and outcomes for a patient with breast cancer and rhabdomyolysis. The patient was a 57-year-old female with a history of recurrent breast cancer who presented to the hospital with a chief complaint of bilateral thigh pain and weakness after the second cycle of chemotherapy and was diagnosed with rhabdomyolysis. After initially declining PT treatment during her first hospitalization, the patient was readmitted after a fall at home. She was hospitalized for 14 days with a transfer to IPR. The patient received a total of 12 days of PT (two acute care visits and 10 IPR visits) that included patient education, neuromuscular re-education, therapeutic exercise, and gait training. The patient was discharged home at a modified independent level with improvements in pain from 8/10 to 0/10 on the Numeric Pain Rating Scale. Functionally, she improved from ambulating 20 feet (6.1 m) to 600 feet (183 m); her Timed Up and Go score improved from 62 seconds to 10 seconds. Finally, her Berg Balance Scale improved from 31/56 to 55/56. Data from this case study suggest that PT management appears to improve functional outcomes for individuals diagnosed with rhabdomyolysis while undergoing chemotherapy, however, a holistic approach was necessary for progress to educate her on the importance of participation in PT with this condition. Further research is required to explore factors that influence rhabdomyolysis in the presence of chemotherapy as well as the recommended rehabilitation program for rhabdomyolysis.
Burns G, Wilson CM. Rehabilitation for Rhabdomyolysis Associated With Breast Cancer Treatment. Cureus. 2020 Jun 15;12(6):e8625. doi: 10.7759/cureus.8625. PMID: 32685295; PMCID: PMC7364405.