Acoustic analysis of voice in children with cleft palate and velopharyngeal insufficiency
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Background: Acoustic analysis of voice can provide instrumental data concerning vocal abnormalities. These findings can be used for monitoring clinical course in cases of voice disorders. Cleft palate severely affects the structure of the vocal tract. Hence, voice quality can also be also affected. Objective: To study whether the main acoustic parameters of voice, including fundamental frequency, shimmer and jitter are significantly different in patients with a repaired cleft palate, as compared with normal children without speech, language and voice disorders. Materials and methods: Fourteen patients with repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate and persistent or residual velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) were studied. A control group was assembled with healthy volunteer subjects matched by age and gender. Hypernasality and nasal emission were perceptually assessed in patients with VPI. Size of the gap as assessed by videonasopharyngoscopy was classified in patients with VPI. Acoustic analysis of voice including Fundamental frequency (F0), shimmer and jitter were compared between patients with VPI and control subjects. Results: F0 was significantly higher in male patients as compared with male controls. Shimmer was significantly higher in patients with VPI regardless of gender. Moreover, patients with moderate VPI showed a significantly higher shimmer perturbation, regardless of gender. Conclusion: Although future research regarding voice disorders in patients with VPI is needed, at the present time it seems reasonable to include strategies for voice therapy in the speech and language pathology intervention plan for patients with VPI.
Villafuerte-Gonzalez R, Valadez-Jimenez VM, Hernandez-Lopez X, Ysunza PA. Acoustic analysis of voice in children with cleft palate and velopharyngeal insufficiency. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2015 Jul;79(7):1073-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2015.04.030. Epub 2015 Apr 27. PMID: 25953453.