Early Administration of Ceftazidime-Avibactam for Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacterales is Associated With Improved Clinical Success

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

Open Forum Infectious Diseases


Background. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) are a significant public health threat. Ceftazidime-avibactam (CZA) retains activity against most carbapenemase-producing CRE and demonstrates favorable health outcomes compared to historically best available therapy. While early initiation of effective therapy is critical in serious infections, the impact of time to CZA initiation on CRE infectionrelated outcomes has yet to be assessed. Aim: to evaluate clinical outcomes of patients with CRE infections receiving early vs. late CZA as the first active β-lactam. Methods. Multicenter, retrospective cohort of hospitalized adult patients from 2019-2022 with culture-positive CRE and infectious symptoms receiving early vs. late CZA as the first active β-lactam. Early and late CZA were defined as CZA administration within or after 48 hours of index culture collection, respectively. Primary outcome was a composite of clinical success defined as i) the absence of all-cause mortality or microbiological recurrence requiring therapy within 30 days from the end of CZA therapy and ii) continued infectious symptoms during CZA therapy. Results. In total, 174 patients were included (≤48 hours n=52, >48 hours n=122). Median (IQR) age was 61 (53, 73) years and 56.3% were male. ICU admission rates were similar between early vs. late CZA (73.1% vs. 72.1%; P=0.921). Most common infection sources were respiratory (59.8%) and skin and skin structure (9.2%). Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most common CRE isolated (66%). The overall median (IQR) of CZA MIC was 2 (1,4). and there was no difference in the receipt of package insert CZA doses in the first 48 hours of CZA therapy between the early vs. late groups, respectively (1.9% vs. 5.2%; P=0.311). In total, 40/52 (76.9%) early and 68/122 (55.7%) late CZA patients met the clinical endpoint of clinical success (P< 0.001). The early and late CZA groups demonstrated similar ICU length of stay (LOS) (26 [9, 46] vs. 22 [12, 40]; P=0.431, respectively). Conclusion. In hospitalized adult patients with CRE infections, CZA administration within 48 hours of culture collection was associated with a higher rate of clinical success compared to CZA administered after 48 hours. Further studies in a larger patient cohort are warranted to verify these results.




Suppl 2

First Page



IDWeek Conference, October 11-15, 2023, Boston, MA