Title

Efficacy of Repeat AbobotulinumtoxinA (Dysport®) Injections in Improving Gait in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-1-2020

Publication Title

Develomental Neurorehabilitation

Abstract

Purpose: This secondary analysis of a randomized, double-blind study plus open-label extension (NCT01249417/NCT01251380) evaluated the efficacy of abobotulinumtoxinA versus placebo in improving gait pattern in children with dynamic equinus due to cerebral palsy (CP) as assessed by the observational gait scale (OGS). Methods: Ambulatory children with CP (N = 241, aged 2-17) and dynamic equinus were randomized to treatment with abobotulinumtoxinA (10 or 15U/kg/leg) or placebo injected into the gastrocsoleus. All children received abobotulinumtoxinA in the open-label phase. Results: In the double-blind phase, abobotulinumtoxinA significantly improved OGS total scores versus placebo at Week 4 (treatment effect vs. placebo: 10U/kg/leg: 1.5 [0.7, 2.3], p = .0003; 15U/kg/leg: 1.1 [0.3, 1.9], p = .01). In the open-label phase, treatment with abobotulinumtoxinA continued to improve the OGS score at the same magnitude as seen in the double-blind study. Conclusion: Repeat treatment with abobotulinumtoxinA improved gait in children with dynamic equinus.

Volume

23

Issue

6

First Page

368

Last Page

374

DOI

10.1080/17518423.2019.1687602

ISSN

1751-8431

PubMed ID

31691605

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