Title

Association between patient age at implant and outcomes after transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement in the multicenter Melody valve trials.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-1-2019

Publication Title

Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether age and valve size at implant contribute to outcomes after Melody transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR).

BACKGROUND: Patient age and valve size at implant contribute to longevity of surgical pulmonary valves.

METHODS: All patients discharged with a Melody valve in the pulmonary position, as part of three prospective Melody valve multicenter studies, comprised the study cohort. Acute and time-related outcomes were analyzed according to age: children (≤12 years), adolescents (13-18 years), young adults (19-29 years), and older adults (≥30 years).

RESULTS: Successful Melody valve implantation occurred in 49 children, 107 adolescents, 96 young adults, and 57 older adults. Pediatric patients (≤18 years) were more likely to have TPVR for conduit stenosis than adults (62% vs. 44%); children had the smallest conduits. After TPVR, pediatric and adult patients had similar decreases in right ventricular (RV) size by MRI, but adults had improved percentage predicted peak VO

CONCLUSIONS: Younger age was associated with shorter time to RVOT dysfunction, reintervention, and explant after Melody TPVR. Patients ≥13 years of age were at low risk for endocarditis and explant to 5 years. A better understanding of time-related outcomes by age will aid in the comparison of therapeutic options for TPVR candidates.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00740870 (NCT00740870), https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01186692 (NCT01186692), and https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00688571 (NCT00688571).

Volume

94

Issue

4

First Page

607

Last Page

617

DOI

10.1002/ccd.28454

ISSN

1522-726X

PubMed ID

31419019

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