Centrifuged-Concentrated Intravitreal Slurry Triamcinolone Acetonide: An Inexpensive, Easy, and Viable Alternative to Long-Term Steroid Delivery
Journal of VitreoRetinal Diseases
Purpose: This work reports the duration, safety, and viability of intravitreal slurry triamcinolone acetonide (TA; 1.0 mL of 40-mg/mL TA centrifuge concentrated into a 0.1-mL pellet) to treat cystoid macular edema (CME).
Methods: A retrospective, consecutive review was conducted of patients undergoing intravitreal slurry TA injections, July 2009 to December 2018.
Results: In 143 eyes of 120 patients, slurry TA resolved CME for a mean of 327.15 (SD = 213.11) days, or 10.76 (SD = 7.00) months, per intravitreal injection (n = 466). In 100 eyes requiring multiple injections (n = 423), mean duration was 270.95 (SD = 177.14) days, or 8.91 (SD = 5.82) months, between injections. In 43 single-injection eyes, duration was 749.30 (SD = 483.17) days, or 24.63 (SD = 15.88) months. Mean duration decreased from 337.89 (SD = 210.46) days, or 11.11 (SD = 6.92) months, in nonvitrectomized eyes to 279.74 (SD 179.63) days, or 9.20 (SD = 5.91) months, in vitrectomized eyes (n = 74 injections, t = 2.24, P = .014, 1-tailed). Central foveal thickness as shown on optical coherence tomography decreased by 173.89μ (SD = 147.56μ), from 459.16μ (SD = 47.14μ) to 285.27μ (SD = 77.27μ; t = –25.31, P < .001), within 43.41 days (SD = 36.86). Visual acuity improved from 20/100 (logMAR 0.70, SD = 0.33) to 20/74 (logMAR 0.57, SD = 0.31; SD = 0.21; t = –11.01, P < .001), within 33.98 (SD 24.98) days. Fifteen of 31 phakic eyes (48.39%) underwent cataract extraction. Fifty-seven eyes (39.86%) developed a steroid response (> 10 mm Hg increase from baseline) 94.79 days (SD = 85.52 days), or 3.11 (SD = 2.81) months, following injection.
Conclusions: A single injection of slurry TA lasted on average 10.76 months with significant improvement of CME and visual acuity. Adverse ocular effects were comparable to currently available, long-term, implantable steroids. Slurry TA appears to be an easily reproducible, safe, and cost-effective alternative to long-term intraocular steroid delivery.
Malinowski SM, Wasserman JA. Centrifuged-Concentrated Intravitreal Slurry Triamcinolone Acetonide: An Inexpensive, Easy, and Viable Alternative to Long-Term Steroid Delivery. Journal of VitreoRetinal Diseases. 2021 Jan;5(1):15-31.