Title

Placental DNA methylation profiles in opioid-exposed pregnancies and associations with the neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-9-2021

Publication Title

Genomics

Abstract

Opioid abuse during pregnancy can result in Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome (NOWS). We investigated genome-wide methylation analyses of 96 placental tissue samples, including 32 prenatally opioid-exposed infants with NOWS who needed therapy (+Opioids/+NOWS), 32 prenatally opioid-exposed infants with NOWS who did not require treatment (+Opioids/-NOWS), and 32 prenatally unexposed controls (-Opioids/-NOWS, control). Statistics, bioinformatics, Artificial Intelligence (AI), including Deep Learning (DL), and Ingenuity Pathway Analyses (IPA) were performed. We identified 17 dysregulated pathways thought to be important in the pathophysiology of NOWS and reported accurate AI prediction of NOWS diagnoses. The DL had an AUC (95% CI) =0.98 (0.95-1.0) with a sensitivity and specificity of 100% for distinguishing NOWS from the +Opioids/-NOWS group and AUCs (95% CI) =1.00 (1.0-1.0) with a sensitivity and specificity of 100% for distinguishing NOWS versus control and + Opioids/-NOWS group versus controls. This study provides strong evidence of methylation dysregulation of placental tissue in NOWS development.

Volume

113

Issue

3

First Page

1127

Last Page

1135

DOI

10.1016/j.ygeno.2021.03.006

ISSN

1089-8646

PubMed ID

33711455

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