Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance and its Associated Experimental Models
Annals of clinical and laboratory science
© 2019 by the Association of Clinical Scientists, Inc. Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) is a state of circulating monoclonal immunoglobulin (Ig) and light chains that cause kidney injury without definite evidence of multiple myeloma (MM). Although chemotherapy is used to treat many variants of MGRS and has been recently recommended, relatively limited clinical validation studies are available. A few transgenic models of MM reveal renal deposition of monoclonal Ig and light chains. We have demonstrated that the XBP1s-transgenic mouse model from early plasma cell dyscrasia to MM reveals monoclonal IgG/kappa deposition at the subendothelial spaces of the glomeruli, mimicking proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal immunoglobulin deposits. Inhibition of a key immune-modulator, gp96/grp94, genetically or pharmacologically results in a significant reduction of plasma cells within the bone marrow and reduced renal deposition of monoclonal IgG and kappa light chain. This article will review the emerging role of in vitro and animal models from plasma cell dyscrasia to MM in understanding the renal deposition of monoclonal Ig and light chains, along with its potential treatment strategies.
Lai Z, Kumar T, Zhao R, Li W, Kanaan HD, Zhang PL, Liu B. Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance and its Associated Experimental Models. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 2019 Sep;49(4):439-447. PMID: 31471332.