The clinical features of overlap syndrome (ANCA-associated crescentic glomerulonephritis [AACGN] and immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis) are similar to those of AACGN alone
© 2020, Springer Nature B.V. The overlap syndromes of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated crescentic glomerulonephritis (AACGN) and variants of immune complex medicated glomerulopathy (ICMGN) have been reported. But very few have compared AACGN alone with the overlap syndromes (AACGN plus ICMGN). The aim of this retrospective study was to make that comparison, following serum creatinine (sCr) to determine whether the two groups (AACGN-only group versus overlap group) would behave differently over time. We identified 14 cases with dual diagnoses of AACGN and various ICMGN in the overlap group. Data were collected and compared with 15 randomly selected AACGN-only cases over the similar period of time. The overlap syndrome represented 0.35% of our overall biopsies (14/4049). All 14 patients were ANCA positive and had crescentic formation. The percentage of crescents in the biopsies ranged from 10 to 78%. ICMGN included the following: membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, post-infectious glomerulonephritis, membranous glomerulopathies, idiopathic mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, lupus nephritis, and IgA nephropathy. With the exception one biopsy revealing lupus nephritis class III, most of the ICMGN were mild. When compared to the AACGN-only group, there were no significant differences in clinical and histologic indices including age, percent of crescents, and sCr (on biopsy days, and over the follow-up periods), although the numbers of follow-up cases were limited over time. Our findings suggest that AACGN was the dominant disease process in the majority of overlap syndromes between AACGN and ICMGN, similar to the clinical processes of AACGN-only disease, therefore, the AACGN in overlap syndrome cases should be the main target for clinical management.