Application of CRISPR-Based Human and Bacterial Ribosomal RNA Depletion for SARS-CoV-2 Shotgun Metagenomic Sequencing.
American Journal of Clinical Pathology
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a CRISPR-based human and bacterial ribosomal RNA (rRNA) depletion kit (JUMPCODE Genomics) on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) shotgun metagenomic sequencing in weakly positive respiratory samples.
METHODS: Shotgun metagenomics was performed on 40 respiratory specimens collected from solid organ transplant patients and deceased intensive care unit patients at UCLA Medical Center in late 2020 to early 2021. Human and bacterial rRNA depletion was performed on remnant library pools prior to sequencing by Illumina MiSeq. Data quality was analyzed using Geneious Prime, whereas the identification of SARS-CoV-2 variants and lineages was determined by Pangolin.
RESULTS: The average genome coverage of the rRNA-depleted respiratory specimens increased from 72.55% to 93.71% in overall samples and from 29.3% to 83.3% in 15 samples that failed to achieve sufficient genome coverage using the standard method. Moreover, rRNA depletion enhanced genome coverage to over 85% in 11 (73.3%) of 15 low viral load samples with cycle threshold values up to 35, resulting in the identification of genotypes.
CONCLUSION: The CRISPR-based human and bacterial rRNA depletion enhanced the sensitivity of SARS-CoV-2 shotgun metagenomic sequencing, especially in low viral load samples.
Cerón S, Clemons NC, von Bredow B, Yang S. Application of CRISPR-based human and bacterial ribosomal RNA depletion for SARS-CoV-2 shotgun metagenomic sequencing. Am J Clin Pathol. 2023 Feb 1;159(2):111-115. doi: 10.1093/ajcp/aqac135. PMID: 36495133.