Title

Immunohistochemical Panels to Evaluate Important Immunophenotypes of Human Mesonephros.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-15-2022

Publication Title

Fetal and Pediatric Pathology

Abstract

Background. The immunophenotypes and potential excretory function of human mesonephros are not well studied. Methods. Five mesonephros specimens of human embryos from the 6th to 10th weeks of gestation were stained with immunohistochemical markers. Results. PAX8 was universally expressed in all renal tubules, while α-methyacyl-CoA racemase (AMACAR) was positive in proximal tubules and GATA3 was positive in distal tubular mesonephric structures. At the 8th weeks of gestation, the mesonephric glomeruli were characterized by opened glomerular capillary loops with Periodic Acid Schiff (PAS)-positive glomerular basement membranes and GATA3-positive mesangial-like cells. By the 8th week, proximal tubules showed PAS-positive brush borders, indicating reabsorption capacity, and the proximal tubules also demonstrated positivity with kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), representing tubular response to injury. Conclusion. Our overall findings show detailed phenotypes of the glomerular and tubular structures of the mesonephros and indicate that at the 8th week of gestation, the mesonephros may carry out temporary excretory function before metanephros becomes fully functional.

Volume

Online ahead of print

First Page

1

Last Page

17

DOI

10.1080/15513815.2022.2045402

ISSN

1551-3823

PubMed ID

35289709

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