Immunohistochemical Panels to Evaluate Important Immunophenotypes of Human Mesonephros.
Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
Background. The immunophenotypes and potential excretory function of human mesonephros are not well studied. Methods. Five mesonephros specimens of human embryos from the 6th to 10th weeks of gestation were stained with immunohistochemical markers. Results. PAX8 was universally expressed in all renal tubules, while α-methyacyl-CoA racemase (AMACAR) was positive in proximal tubules and GATA3 was positive in distal tubular mesonephric structures. At the 8th weeks of gestation, the mesonephric glomeruli were characterized by opened glomerular capillary loops with Periodic Acid Schiff (PAS)-positive glomerular basement membranes and GATA3-positive mesangial-like cells. By the 8th week, proximal tubules showed PAS-positive brush borders, indicating reabsorption capacity, and the proximal tubules also demonstrated positivity with kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), representing tubular response to injury. Conclusion. Our overall findings show detailed phenotypes of the glomerular and tubular structures of the mesonephros and indicate that at the 8th week of gestation, the mesonephros may carry out temporary excretory function before metanephros becomes fully functional.
Zhang PL, Macknis JK. Immunohistochemical panels to evaluate important immunophenotypes of human mesonephros. Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 2023 Feb;42(1):1-17. doi:10.1080/15513815.2022.2045402. PMID: 35289709.