Use of the angiogenic biomarker profile to risk stratify patients with fetal growth restriction.

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American journal of obstetrics & gynecology MFM


BACKGROUND: Novel angiogenic biomarker profiles have demonstrated emerging evidence for predicting preeclampsia onset, severity, and adverse outcomes. Limited data exist in screening patients with fetal growth restriction for preeclampsia development using angiogenic biomarkers.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to risk stratify patients with fetal growth restriction using a soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 to placental growth factor ratio. Previously published cutoff of 38 was used to predict preeclampsia development and severity as well as adverse maternal or neonatal outcomes within a 2-week time period.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective observational cohort study performed in a single tertiary hospital. Patients with a singleton fetal growth restriction pregnancy between 24 and 37 weeks' gestation were evaluated using serial 2-week encounters from the time of enrollment to delivery. Pregnancies with proven genetic or infectious etiology of fetal growth restriction or congenital anomalies were excluded. Ultrasound growth and Doppler measurements were obtained at the start of every encounter with routine preeclampsia laboratory tests and blood pressure checks when clinically indicated. Maternal serum was collected for all serial encounters and measured for soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 and placental growth factor after delivery in a double-blinded fashion. Maternal charts were reviewed for baseline demographic characteristics, pregnancy diagnoses and outcomes, and neonatal outcomes.

RESULTS: A total of 45 patients were enrolled for a total of 77 encounters, with the median (quartile 1, quartile 3) gestational age of the study enrolled at 31.43 (28.14-33.57) weeks. Patients were divided into low-risk (ratio of

CONCLUSION: Among patients with fetal growth restriction, the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 to placental growth factor ratio may serve as a potential biomarker for identifying at risk patients for developing preeclampsia and subsequently preterm delivery.





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