Surgical Excision of Sclerosing Mesenteritis, Exploration of an Unknown Mesenteric Mass.
Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare and often benign condition characterized as a fibrotic disease consisting of non-suppurative inflammation of adipose tissue. Through mass effect, sclerosing mesenteritis can compromise the gastrointestinal lumen as well as mesenteric vessel integrity. There is a poor understanding of this disorder and its pathogenesis, which presents with various symptomatology and often without identification of inciting factors. Patients with sclerosing mesenteritis exhibit gastrointestinal and systemic manifestations including weight loss, fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. This case presents a patient with a seven-month history of chronic, epigastric abdominal pain following laparoscopic surgery for acute uncomplicated appendicitis. The patient underwent work-up with computed tomography and magnetic resonance enterography that confirmed the presence of a mesenteric mass of unknown etiology located in the mid-epigastrium. Due to the inability to safely sample the mass, the patient underwent diagnostic laparoscopy, which was subsequently converted to an open procedure where excision of the mesenteric lesion was performed. Surgical pathology revealed fat necrosis with fibrosis, granulomatous inflammation, and dystrophic calcifications consistent with sclerosing mesenteritis. The patient was seen in follow-up with the resolution of her epigastric abdominal pain. This case report demonstrates a unique presentation of a symptomatic patient with a mesenteric mass not amenable to non-invasive biopsy. Complete excision of this lesser sac mass revealed sclerosis mesenteritis as the pathological cause.
Serena TJ, Solomon Schnurr CA, Pui JC, Gerken JR. Surgical Excision of Sclerosing Mesenteritis, Exploration of an Unknown Mesenteric Mass. Cureus. 2021 Jan 7;13(1):e12546. doi: 10.7759/cureus.12546. PMID: 33564540; PMCID: PMC7863085.