Outcomes in primary and revision surgery for pediatric onset stapedial pathology.
American journal of otolaryngology
OBJECTIVES: To analyze audiometric outcomes of surgery for pediatric onset stapedial pathology (POSP).
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.
SETTING: Single-institution database.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 809 stapes procedures performed at a single high-volume tertiary referral otology practice, 75 of which were POSP cases.
RESULTS: Oval window drillout for thick footplate and aborting the procedure were more common in POSP cases compared to the rest of the cohort (28.0% versus 9.8% [p < .001] and 5.3% versus 1.2% [p = .007], respectively). Postoperative complications were rare. Postoperative Air-Bone Gap (pABG) closure to ≤20 dB was significantly lower in the POSP group (80.0% versus 89.0%, p = .021). Rates of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) were not different between the two groups. Poor audiometric outcomes in the POSP group were largely driven by revision cases; pABG≤10 dB was 60.3% in primary cases but only 11.8% in revisions (p < .001), and postoperative SNHL was significantly higher in revisions (29.4% versus 0.0%, p < .001). In multivariate analysis, POSP was not a predictor of successful closure of the pABG at either level, nor did it predict significant postoperative SNHL.
CONCLUSIONS: Surgery for pediatric onset stapedial pathology had significantly worse audiometric outcomes, particularly in revision cases, as compared to the rest of the cohort.
Schwam ZG, Schettino A, Bojrab DI, Babu SC, Michaelides EM, Schutt CA. Outcomes in primary and revision surgery for pediatric onset stapedial pathology. Am J Otolaryngol. 2022 Mar-Apr;43(2):103362. doi: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2021.103362. PMID: 34972000.