Disparities in impact of nasopharyngeal cancer: An analysis of global health burden.
OBJECTIVES: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma has a unique worldwide racial and geographic distribution. Our objective was to evaluate socioeconomic disparities in the burden of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) between endemic and nonendemic regions.
METHODS: To demonstrate trends regarding societal burden of NPC and socioeconomic development, national disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rates and human development indices (HDI) between 1990 and 2015 were evaluated. Countries were divided based on the endemic versus nonendemic presence of NPC and further analyzed by HDI status as specified by the United Nations Development Program. Gini coefficients and concentration index were used to evaluate global equality in NPC burden over this period.
RESULTS: Age-standardized DALYs dropped from 36.1 in 1990 to 26.5 in 2015 (26.6% decline) (r = -0.991, P < 0.001). Lower socioeconomic countries harbored greater NPC burden upon controlling by endemic and nonendemic regions, as demonstrated by progressively negative concentration indexes. Health inequality was greater in nonendemic countries than in endemic countries (P < 0.01).
CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate socioeconomic-related changes in NPC burden using statistical tools such as the Gini coefficient and concentration index. Although the burden of NPC has steadily decreased, there remain persistent inequalities associated with socioeconomic disparities. Nasopharyngeal cancer burden is more pronounced in countries with lower HDI. Our results reinforce the importance of increasing resources for developing countries and continuing inquiry into the screening, diagnosis, and management of NPC.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: NA Laryngoscope, 129:2482-2486, 2019.
Ramsey T, Hojjat H, Yuhan B, Svider PF, Eloy JA, Folbe AJ, Raza SN, Fribley AM. Disparities in impact of nasopharyngeal cancer: An analysis of global health burden. Laryngoscope. 2019 Nov;129(11):2482-2486. doi: 10.1002/lary.27532. Epub 2019 Mar 19. PMID: 30889288.