Perioperative Desmopressin for Patients Undergoing Otolaryngologic Procedures: A Systematic Review.
Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
OBJECTIVE: Desmopressin (DDAVP) is a hemostatic agent used to manage bleeding in patients with hemostatic disorders, and there is a lack of published data to guide its use during otolaryngology procedures. The objective of this study was to conduct an evidence-based systematic review of the reported uses, efficacy, and adverse effects of DDAVP in the otolaryngology surgical setting.
DATA SOURCES: PubMed, MEDLINE, and EmBase were searched for articles on the use of DDAVP in otolaryngology.
REVIEW METHODS: The Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies criteria and Cochrane bias tool were used to assess study quality. Patient demographics, DDAVP dosing and route, and outcomes such as bleeding and adverse events were collected. A summary of evidence table was created specifying levels of evidence, benefits, and harm.
RESULTS: Nineteen studies encompassing 440 patients were included. Sixteen studies discussed DDAVP for prophylaxis, and 3 discussed postoperative use. DDAVP effectively prevented bleeding in high-risk patients and successfully facilitated a dry surgical field when necessary. DDAVP had a 100% success rate when used symptomatically. Five studies described adverse effects, including hyponatremia (12.3%), nausea (2.0%), emesis (0.9%), and seizure (0.2%). The aggregate level of evidence for its use was Level B for adenotonsillectomy, septoplasty, and turbinate procedures and Level C for rhinoplasty.
CONCLUSION: Current literature supports the use of DDAVP in otolaryngology surgical procedures as both a perioperative prophylactic agent and a postoperative symptomatic intervention for bleeding. Both modalities are effective with minimal adverse events. Further well-designed randomized trials are necessary to conclusively formulate guidelines for DDAVP use in otolaryngology.
Barinsky GL, Buziashvili D, Svider PF, Carron MA, Folbe AJ, Hsueh WD, Eloy JA, Johnson AP. Perioperative Desmopressin for Patients Undergoing Otolaryngologic Procedures: A Systematic Review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019 Jul;161(1):36-45. doi: 10.1177/0194599819831288. Epub 2019 Mar 12. PMID: 30857487.