Subchondral and epiphyseal bone remodeling following surgical transection and noninvasive rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament as models of post-traumatic osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
© 2015 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Objective: Animal models are frequently used to study post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). A common anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury model is surgical transection, which may introduce confounding factors from surgery. Noninvasive models could model human injury more closely. The purpose of this study was to compare subchondral and epiphyseal trabecular bone remodeling after surgical transection and noninvasive rupture of the ACL. Methods: Thirty-six rats were randomized to an uninjured control, surgical transection (Transection), or noninvasive rupture (Rupture). Animals were randomized to 4 or 10 week time points (n = 6 per group). Micro computed tomography (μCT) imaging was performed with an isotropic voxel size of 12 μm. Subchondral and epiphyseal bone was segmented semi-automatically, and morphometric analysis was performed. Results: Transection caused a greater decrease in subchondral bone volume fraction (BV/TV) than Rupture in the femur and tibia. Rupture had greater subchondral bone tissue mineral density (TMD) at 4 and 10 weeks in the femur and tibia. Subchondral bone thickness (SCB.Th) was decreased in the femur in Transection only. Epiphyseal BV/TV was decreased in Transection only, and Rupture exhibited increased femoral epiphyseal TMD compared to both Control and Transection. Rupture exhibited greater femoral epiphyseal trabecular thickness (Tb.Th.) compared to Control and Transection at 4 weeks, and both Rupture and Transection had increased femoral epiphyseal Tb.Th. at 10 weeks. Epiphyseal trabecular number (Tb.N) was decreased in both injury groups at both time points. Femoral and tibial epiphyseal structure model index (SMI) increased in both groups. Conclusions: The two injury models cause differences in post-injury bone morphometry, and surgical transection may be introducing confounding factors that affect downstream bony remodeling.
Maerz T, Kurdziel M, Newton MD, Altman P, Anderson K, Matthew HW, Baker KC. Subchondral and epiphyseal bone remodeling following surgical transection and noninvasive rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament as models of post-traumatic osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2016 Apr;24(4):698-708. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2015.11.005. Epub 2015 Nov 24. PMID: 26620090.