Title

Polyethylene in total knee arthroplasty: Where are we now?

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-1-2018

Publication Title

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery

Abstract

© The Author(s) 2018. Polyethylene (PE) remains the gold standard for the articulating surface in hip and knee arthroplasty. To increase arthroplasty longevity and improve wear resistance, newer versions of PE have been designed with resultantly different wear properties. Highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) is used in total hip arthroplasty with excellent outcomes; however, its use in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains conflicting. This review summarizes biomechanical and wear properties, clinical outcomes, and cost of polyethylene inserts in TKA. Simulation studies have convincingly shown decreased wear and oxidation rates with HXLPE when compared to conventional polyethylene (CPE). Registry results have been conflicting, and short- to midterm clinical studies have not demonstrated a significant difference between HXLPE and CPE. The cost of HXLPE inserts is higher than CPE. Long-term clinical data are lacking and further studies are warranted to evaluate the role of HXLPE in TKA.

Volume

26

Issue

3

DOI

10.1177/2309499018808356

ISSN

10225536

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