Single-Surgeon Experience and Complications of a Fixed-Bearing Total Ankle Arthroplasty.

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BACKGROUND: Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) has historically resulted in inferior survivorship rates compared with total hip and knee arthroplasty, because of technical issues unique to ankle anatomy. In this study, a single-surgeon series of intra- and postoperative complications as well as resultant reoperations/revisions of the Tornier Salto Talaris, a fixed-bearing TAA prosthesis, were reviewed.

METHODS: Medical records from index procedure to latest follow-up of primary TAA were reviewed. Complications were categorized according to the Glazebrook classification; additional complications were documented. Concurrent procedures were recorded, and radiographs were analyzed for alignment, subsidence, and cyst formation. Time to complication onset and learning curve analyses were performed. One hundred four Salto Talaris TAA prostheses (96 patients), with an average follow-up of 46 months, were included.

RESULTS: Thirty-five complications were identified in 32 ankles with a 34% complication rate, resulting in 11 reoperations (5 TAA revisions). Technical error (n = 12), wound healing (n = 9), and aseptic loosening (n = 4) were the most common complications, and there were no statistically significant differences in demographics or follow-up duration between cases with versus without complications. In both the cohorts with and without complications, there were moderate, negative correlations between radiographically observed keel osteopenia and lucency (ρ = -0.548, P = .00125, and ρ = -0.416, P = .000303, respectively); also, in the complication cohort, a weak, positive correlation between subsidence and lucency (ρ = 0.357, P = .0450) was found.

CONCLUSION: Salto Talaris TAA survivorship and reoperation rates in our series were comparable with previous reports, using either the same or similar mobile-bearing prostheses; new information regarding complication, radiographic, and learning curve analyses was presented.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, retrospective case series.





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