Descriptive Epidemiology of Acetabular Dysplasia: The Academic Network of Conservational Hip Outcomes Research (ANCHOR) Periacetabular Osteotomy.
BACKGROUND: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an established treatment for symptomatic acetabular dysplasia, which is a well-recognized cause of hip pain, functional limitations, and secondary osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographics of patients undergoing PAO, the baseline patient-reported outcome measures for this population, and the types of adjunctive procedures performed at the time of PAO surgery.
METHODS: Demographics, disease characteristics, and patient-reported functional measures were prospectively collected from all patients who underwent PAO performed by 12 surgeons from 2008 to 2013.
RESULTS: We enrolled 950 consecutive patients (982 hips) in the study; 83% were female and 17% were male, with an average age of 25.3 years and an average body mass index (BMI) of 24.6 kg/m. Most patients were Caucasian (87%), and 15% had undergone previous hip surgery. Before PAO was performed, most patients had had symptoms for 1 to 3 years. Baseline modified Harris Hip and University of California Los Angeles activity scores (61.8 and 6.6, respectively) indicated that patients had considerable functional limitations.
DISCUSSION: Patients undergoing PAO for symptomatic dysplasia were predominantly young, female, and Caucasian with a normal BMI. Many patients had undergone prior hip surgery, and most had had symptoms for several years before treatment. Baseline patient-reported functional scores demonstrated marked functional limitations. Adjunctive procedures for intra-articular pathology, especially femoral osteochondroplasty and hip arthroscopy, are commonly performed at the time of PAO.
Sankar WN, Duncan ST, Baca GR, Beaulé PE, Millis MB, Kim YJ, Peters CL, Podeszwa DA, Schoenecker PL, Sierra RJ, Sink EL, Sucato DJ, Trousdale RT, Zaltz I, Clohisy JC. Descriptive Epidemiology of Acetabular Dysplasia: The Academic Network of Conservational Hip Outcomes Research (ANCHOR) Periacetabular Osteotomy. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2017 Feb;25(2):150-159. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00075. PubMed PMID: 28098707.